The 2nd International Conference on Educational Innovation and Philosophical Inquiries (ICEIPI 2021), Proceedings, Part II
Educational innovation has become an important issue on a global scale. The evolution of society and technology has provided new ways to improve future teaching achievements. It also allows us to seek different solutions to the problems that were difficult to solve in the past. On the other hand, our conference aims at unveiling and inspecting the philosophical inquiries usually hidden among the lines of logical debate. We hope that inter-disciplinary studies with a social scientific focus can all be traced back to the very source of their philosophical pursuits and eventually contribute to the creation of knowledge.
C. Rowley, University of Oxford
The media has, for decades, been a tool through which the objectification and sexualization of women have been perpetuated. The research question pertains to whether East Asian magazines also encourage the perception of women as sexual objects. This research investigated four East Asian magazines, namely, VIVI, Korean Allure, Chinese Beauty, and Chinese ELLE, using the semiotic analysis to determine the extent to which the cover models’ clothing style and make-ups were used to sexualize and objectify East Asian women. Although some countries like Korea have tried to eliminate women's fetishization, others still insist on promoting sexualized images of women to protect their magazine sales and because of the power of the male gaze. The author argued that fashion magazine should be used more efficiently as a platform where women are empowered to express themselves outside the stereotypical sexualization and objectification of women perpetrated by the male gaze.
Luhrmann’s movie version of The Great Gatsby has caused many discussions and debates in the area of literary analysis. This paper would argue that Luhrmann manages to gain commercial success in the film. While the director recreates the scenes that demonstrated color symbolism, the color symbolism suggests different meanings from the book; and that is because the director changes certain important plot in the book, which exaggerates Gatsby’s pure love to Daisy at the expense of undermining the complexity of Gatsby’s character and his American Dream that based on materialism. With the help of secondary sources, this paper will expand on analyzing how color symbolism, which includes the green light and the main characters’ clothes, illustrate different themes between the book and the movie.
Since deconstruction has become the key concept of postmodern times, we have faced the phenomenon of digital reality, yet not fell completely under the that paradigm of deconstruction. There is still undecided status and destiny of traditional philosophy, as a unique way of perception and reflection - not in terms of applied methodology in comprehension of new digital world, but the very possibility of philosophy itself. This paper addresses the recent essential trend of social transformation toward quantified and digitalized mode in relation to very necessity of philosophical thought. The most praised and welcomed digitalization of every aspect of social and private life, leaves no territories for classic abstractions and reflections. Moreover, the transgression of digitalization is virulent in nature, considering virus - both cyber or biological - as an accelerator to virtualize the reality completely. By thus, virulence terminates the logic of being, the logic as a very background for philosophy. Given mentioned two trends - quantifying equalization and illogical virulence of recent cyber world, I argue for impossibility for abstract thoughts and notions to be shaped under new e-environment, so philosophy is no more of demand and destined to disappear. Thus, postmodern deconstruction, shaped up by cyber transgression still is an issue in process we have to leave with.
The legend of Mulan has been transmitted and remolded throughout China for hundreds of years. In recent years, this motif has also drawn significant attention from the US film industry. Three films are analyzed in this article: the Chinese Yu opera Hua Mulan , Disney’s animated version Mulan  and the most recent addition, Disney’s live-action version Mulan . Under a cross-culture lens, the analysis compares three versions of the film to examine the transculturation and adaption of the narrative in reconstructing a traditional Chinese heroine. This paper concludes that to resist cultural hegemony and to attract a broader audience, Disney’s 1998 version transforms a typical Confucian heroine into an individualistic American heroine. Finally, it shall be argued that the 2020 version of Mulan espouses and shapes Mulan into a synthesized Asian-American figure.
The box office of Chinese films is growing, and domestic films have made a great contribution.Chinese films has also becoming an important component of Chinese cultural exportation. Animated films have advantage of having wider audience, which can convey national values more gently and shape the national image imperceptibly. This paper took the animated film "Nezha", which was a dark horse at the domestic box office, as an example to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of Chinese animation film in cross-cultural communication. The study found that although technique and animation visual effects received good commonts from the overseas audience, the cultural barriers and the lack of commercial publicity was still a constaint for Chinese animated films.
This paper analyzes the gender narratives in left-wing films produced during 1930s through the feminist perspective. Specifically, it explores male intellectuals’ gender narratives in these films and how these narratives act as an ideological resource that was instrumental in constructing the subject identity of the proletariat and the national identity under the background of Second Sino-Japanese War. Unlike male intellectuals that were depicted as the propagator of new ideas and the torchbearers of the masses during 1910s-1920s, male intellectuals in the left-wing films of 1930s predominantly featured as playing second fiddle to the proletariat and their dominant roles in the New Culture Movement began to diminish. Subsequently, male intellectuals within left wing cinema were featured as a group that needed to be changed and educated by the proletariat and too, were dependent on the proletariat for their cultural and moral liberation.
In Chinese classical literature, female consciousness means that authors can restore the true, natural and vivid state of female in their description. Li Qingzhao's three pieces of ci in different periods all portray the image of an independent female, who expresses the feelings of complaint and sorrow. By reviewing the development of female images and comparing the female images in ci written by male and female writers in the Song Dynasty, it is found that female consciousness always exists in Chinese classical literature, though it has never become the mainstream.
Animism has been one set of beliefs that receives increasing attention and popularity in multiple academic fields such as anthropology and philosophy. This article starts with introducing the definition of animism and techno-animism. Then, it will move to talk about the manifestations of the Shinto-Infused animism in Japanese culture. By adducing examples from the Mozambican literature, indigenous beliefs of the Kelabit and the Penan in Southeast Asia, and how children and adults treat and interact with robots and inanimate in the Western society, we will finally reach the conclusion that 1) on the one hand, there are some common interpretations and manifestations of animism shared by people in different cultures, such as tolerance of boundary-crossing and rendering inanimate objects with life forces; and 2) on the other hand, animism is not antithetical to Western conceptions of human-object relation.
This paper illustrates the changing of Magic Lantern’s Chinese name after its landing in China. Magic Lantern, as an ancient precursor of the modern cinema, experienced a long-term development that plays an increasingly important role in our modern life. The change of its Chinese name shows the Chinese perception of this apparatus. People neglected the alternative paths of “cinema” when the cinema becoming into an entertainment stereotype for the public. This paper will look back to the beginning of the perception history of this apparatus, rethink the history writing method, and try to discover an alternative approach to understand cinema.
This study focuses on researching the relationship between travelling and travelers’ openness and impression toward the local culture afterwards. The relationship was measured through a survey evaluating participants' background and travelling experiences. A conclusion was drawn from the survey that travelers’ travelling at a younger age, longer duration, and had more interactions with locals have a higher openness and a more positive impression of the travelled country.
The These days, with the progress of women’s status, female athletes have played a more positive role in modern women sports, especially in women's participation in the Olympic Games. It is generally argued that the degree of women’s participation in Olympics Games denotes a sign of gender equality progress. Women do not only take their participation number and events in the Olympic Games as a measure of the gender progress in the field of sports but also tend to have a louder voice in decision-making. This article examines how the rising of women’s status gradually result in broader participation in Olympic Games by measuring the number of events and the distribution of medals among different countries for male and female competitions and the higher degree of women’s participation in IOC (International Olympic Committee). In fact, with the awakening awareness of gender equality, this research method can also employ in a wide range of fields in the future.
This article mainly studies how street culture influences luxury brands. Modern luxury brands want to meet the changing needs of consumers around the world. While maintaining product permanence and heritage, it is also beginning to generate the pursuit of specificity or specific services. There is a link between street culture and the luxury industry that cannot be ignored. By reading the literature and materials, and adopting rrchival research in this paper. And analyze from the perspectives of Marketing strategies, Marketing model, and supply and demand. It is not difficult to find that the street culture has changed the luxury goods from various aspects through the uniqueness of its creation.
Taking the rural landscapes of ethnic minorities as the research object, this article analyzes the research status of Chinese ethnic minorities rural landscapes via the method of Citespace. The research results indicate the fragmentation and theorization of the domestic rural landscapes, which is due to the lack of rural landscape assessment system from the perspective of domestic heritage. Hence, it leads to the disjunction between the landscape theory and practice, as well as the insufficiency of landscape man-land consciousness. As a result, this article intends to start from the perspective of rural landscape heritage. Through the analysis of domestic and foreign landscape cases, it initially constructs an ethnic minority rural landscape evaluation system from the heritage perspective, so as to promote the further integration and improvement of theory and practice in domestic ethnic minority landscape.
Race and race-related issues are pervasive in the United States, causing detrimental consequences at individual and societal levels. Not only in the United states, racial conflict also exists in racially homogeneous countries, such as China, given the rising economic development and cultural communications between Chinese society and other nations. The present article aims to reveal the development of racial attitudes among Chinese adolescents and adults. We assessed implicit and explicit racial attitudes toward Black and White people among 60 Chinese participants (M age = 18.04; 34 female). Participants’ implicit racial attitudes were measured via an Implicit Association Test (IAT), and their explicit racial attitudes were measured via an explicit scale. We found that Chinese adolescents and adults displayed both implicit and explicit racial biases against black people; however, they did not show implicit or explicit racial biases against white people. We also found that participants’ implicit and explicit racial biases were not affected by their age or gender.
This article examines three of David Korins’ most successful works: Hamilton, Dear Evan Hansen, and Beetlejuice. By analyzing the set designs he made for these three shows, this article argues that Korins has a strong ability to find the solution to the specific design details that are linked closely to the plot, characters, and the author of the show to support the visual play and immersive environment. However, Korins’ designs sometimes can call too much attention to themselves, suggesting that the live performance is in service to the set rather than creating sets that are in service to the show. This risky characteristic becomes more and more prominent in his career.
1950 is a very special period for the development of feminism in both China and the West. The People’s Republic of China was just established and the West was experiencing the second wave of feminist. However, the feminism in these two areas developed in different ways, that Chinses feminism is the “state feminism” while the West is “liberal feminism”. This kind of difference results from the different social environment, especially the political policy in China and the West. The Communist Party of China took feminism as a tool to consolidate socialist construction, so it launched the feminist movement from top to bottom. The second feminism in the West is a bottom-up movement for women to fight for their own rights and interests, and they use magazines and other mass media as a means of struggle. By comparing the difference of the feminism in China and the West, the flaws of these two kinds of development of feminism could also be shown.